EMT Quiz

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  1. The Circulation of blood throughout the body, filling the capillaries and supplying the cells and tissues with oxygen and nutritents is called
  2. Your answer:
    metabolism
    physiology
    perfusion
    bleeding


  3. With one exception, arteries carry ______ blood _______ the heart.
  4. Your answer:
    oxygenated; back to
    oxygenated; away from
    deoxygenated; back to
    deoxygenated; away from


  5. With one exception, veins carry ________ blood _______ the heart.
  6. Your answer:
    deoxygenated; back to
    deoxygenated; away from
    oxygenated; back to
    oxygenated; away from


  7. Once an adult loses approximately a _____ of blood, his/her condition is considered serious.
  8. Your answer:
    pint
    milliliter
    gallon
    liter


  9. Once a child loses approximately _____ of blood, his/her condition is considered serious.
  10. Your answer:
    250 cc
    500 ml
    1 liter
    a milliliter


  11. Once an infant loses approximately ____ of blood volume, his/her condition is considered serious.
  12. Your answer:
    250 cc
    500 cc
    75 cc
    150 cc


  13. Since internal bleeding is not visible, you must base severity of blood loss on
  14. Your answer:
    signs and symptoms exhibited
    the size of the contusion
    what the patient tells you
    advice form medical direction


  15. The factors on which severity of bleeding depends include all of the following EXCEPT
  16. Your answer:
    ability of the patient's body to respond and defend against blood loss
    the patient's history of diabetes
    patient's age and weight
    rate of bleeding and the amount of blood loss


  17. Blood that oozes and is dark is most likely from a
  18. Your answer:
    capillary
    vein
    artery
    lymphatic vessel


  19. You are treating a patient who has a slashed wrist, wheich is spurting bright red blood. After trying direct pressure and elevation to control the bleeding, the next step would be to
  20. Your answer:
    apply an air splint to the arm
    apply a tourniquet to the arm
    press on the brachial artery
    press on the femoral artery


  21. When all other methods have failed to control bleeding, the EMT-B should
  22. Your answer:
    apply a tourniquet
    apply an air splint
    press harder on the pressure point
    apply the PASG


  23. Signs of internal bleeding include all of the following EXCEPT
  24. Your answer:
    vomiting bile
    painful, swollen, or deformed extremities
    a tender rigid abdomen
    bruising


  25. Examples of penetrating trauma include all of the following EXCEPT
  26. Your answer:
    screwdriver stab wound
    carving-knife wound
    hand-gun bullet wound
    fall from a height


  27. Examples of blunt trauma include all of the following EXCEPT
  28. Your answer:
    gunshot wounds
    falls
    blast injuries
    auto-pedestrian collisions


  29. The signs and symptoms of internal bleeding are
  30. Your answer:
    identical to those of external bleeding
    usually not present in elderly patients
    easy to stabilize in the field
    the same as those of shock


  31. Which is not considered a type of shock?
  32. Your answer:
    cardiogenic
    neurogenic
    hypovolemic
    hydrophobic


  33. At a point when the body can no longer compensate for the low blood volume, ______ shock begins.
  34. Your answer:
    terminal
    compensated
    anaphylactic
    decompensated


  35. What are the major components of the central nervous system?
  36. Your answer:
    brain and spincal cord
    vessels and support tissue
    cranial nerves
    peripheral nerves


  37. Which of the following is NOT a division of the nervous system?
  38. Your answer:
    peripheral
    central
    autonomic
    voluntary


  39. The skull is made up of the cranium and the facial bones. The cranium consists of the _____ areas of the skull.
  40. Your answer:
    frontal, parietal, and distal
    forehead, top, back, and upper sides
    temporal, mandible, and maxillia
    anterior, forehead, and lateral


  41. The bones forming the face include all of the following EXCEPT
  42. Your answer:
    zygomatic
    mandible
    maxillae
    vertebrae


  43. The brain and spinal cord are bathed in
  44. Your answer:
    synovial fluid
    lympatic fluid
    mucous secretion
    cerebrospinal fluid


  45. The spine is divided into sections called
  46. Your answer:
    vertebrae
    coccygeal
    joints
    compartments


  47. The lumbar area of the spine includes ____ vertebrae.
  48. Your answer:
    3
    5
    8
    12


  49. The cervical area of teh spine includes _____ vertebrae.
  50. Your answer:
    9
    3
    5
    7


  51. When a patient strikes his/her head and states he/she feels groggy and has a headache, he/she most likely has a(n)
  52. Your answer:
    dislocation
    abrasion
    concussion
    contrecoup


  53. A 50-year-old male driver who was involved in an automobile collision states he did not loose consciousness. However, a bystander syas he ran to the car after the collision and tried to talk to the dirver, but said the driver "just sat there staring off into space for a few minutes." This patient may have any of the follwoing EXCEPT.
  54. Your answer:
    concussion
    coup injury
    attention deficit
    contusion


  55. When a patient has some memory loss after a head injury, this is referred to as
  56. Your answer:
    "seeing stars"
    bruising
    amnesia
    verbally responsive


  57. When a bruising of the brain occurs on the side of the injury, this is referred to as a _______ injury.
  58. Your answer:
    contrecoup
    hematoma
    coup
    epidural


  59. A collection of blood within the skull or the brain is called a ______ hematoma.
  60. Your answer:
    subdural
    epidural
    intracerebral
    all of the above


  61. All of the following make a head injury worse EXCEPT.
  62. Your answer:
    limited room for expansion inside the skull
    increased carbon dioxide level in the brain
    decreased respiration leading to increased cellular perfusion
    increased pressure in the skull


  63. An assessment startegy used to check an extremity for injury or paralysis in a conscious patient is
  64. Your answer:
    checking for foot wave
    confirming sensitivity
    checking for a proximal pulse
    assessing euality of strength


  65. The type of immobilization device used for a patient depends on
  66. Your answer:
    patient priority
    availability
    medical direction's advice
    all of the above


  67. If a patient has a brain injury with skull fracture, the patient's pupils will tend to be
  68. Your answer:
    unequal
    dilated
    constricted
    equal


  69. Which of the following dexcribes the blood pressure and pulse for a patient with a brain injury?
  70. Your answer:
    increased blood pressure, increased pulse
    increased blood pressure, decreased pulse
    decreased blood pressure, increased pulse
    decreased blood pressure, decreased pulse


  71. Consider the possibility of a cranial fracture whenever you note
  72. Your answer:
    a deformed femur
    blood or other fluids in the airway
    deep lacerations or severe bruises to the scalp or forehead
    facial deformity


  73. The spinal cord is made up of ________ shaped bones
  74. Your answer:
    12 irregularly
    33 irregularly
    33 regularly
    12 regularly


  75. Any blunt trauma above the clavicles may damage the ______ vertebrae.
  76. Your answer:
    cervical
    sacral
    lumbar
    thoracic


  77. Priapism is
  78. Your answer:
    a persistent erection of the penis
    apparent only in unconscious patients
    spasms to the hands and feet
    uncontrolled muscle twitches of the thighs


  79. Often with a cervical-spine injury, the patient in a supine position may have his arms
  80. Your answer:
    across his chest
    down at his side
    straight out at his side
    stretched out above his head


  81. The first step in the care of a scalp injury is to
  82. Your answer:
    cut away hair around the site
    apply a water-moistened dressing
    control bleeding
    apply a sterile dressing


  83. An unstable object impaled in the cheek wall should be
  84. Your answer:
    stabilized from the outside
    pulled out if easily done
    stabilized from the inside and the outside
    stabilized from the inside


  85. If possible, a patient with facial fractures should be transported on a long spine board in the _______ position.
  86. Your answer:
    Trendelenburg
    head elevated
    prone
    supine


  87. The pressure point for controlling bleeding from the leg is the
  88. Your answer:
    subclavian vein
    femoral artery
    carotid artery
    brachial artery


  89. Care for an open wound includes all the following EXCEPT
  90. Your answer:
    clean the wound surface
    control bleeding
    bandage the dressing in place
    pick embedded particles out of the cut


  91. The best method for control of nasal bleeding is
  92. Your answer:
    applying pressure to the facial artery
    pinching the nostrils together
    packing the nose with cotton
    packing the nose with gauze


  93. The first step in caring for possible internal bleeding after ensuring respiration and circulation and controlling life-threatening external bleeding is
  94. Your answer:
    placing the patient in a sitting position
    administering liquids by mouth to the patient
    treating for shock
    applying a bulky dressing


  95. A razor blade cut is an example of a(n)
  96. Your answer:
    abrasion
    contusion
    incision
    laceration


  97. The injury in which flaps of skin and tissues are torn loose or pulled off completely is called
  98. Your answer:
    laceration
    amputation
    incision
    avulsion


  99. If a patient has an object impaled in the forearm, after the control of profuse bleeding, your should
  100. Your answer:
    place a pressure dressing over the site
    stabilize the object
    apply firm pressure to a pressure point
    reove the object


  101. Which of the following is a sign of shock?
  102. Your answer:
    high blood pressure
    pale, cool, calmmy skin
    constricted pupils
    slowed pulse rate


  103. An object impaled in the sys should be
  104. Your answer:
    removed and a dressing applied with minimum pressure
    removed carefully and a pressure dressing applied
    shielded with a cup taped over the orbit
    stabilized with gauze and protected with a disposable cup


  105. A lacerated eyelid or injury to the eyeball should be
  106. Your answer:
    covered with dark patches
    covered with a cold pack
    flushed with water
    covered with a folded 4x4s


  107. All open wounds to the chest should be considered
  108. Your answer:
    potentially infectious
    a low priority
    an indication for PASG
    life-threatening


  109. Before moving a supine patient with possible spinal injuries onto a long spine board you should always
  110. Your answer:
    apply a short spine board
    apply a rigid collar
    secure a KED to the patient
    align the teeth and tape the jaw in place


  111. The initial effort to control bleeding from a severed neck artery should be
  112. Your answer:
    occlusive dressing
    direct pressure or pinching
    pressure points
    applying tape


  113. The most reliable sign of spinal-cord injury in conscious patients is
  114. Your answer:
    pain with movement
    tenderness along the spine
    paralysis of extremities
    pain without movement


  115. When caring for an open abdominal wound with evisceration,
  116. Your answer:
    do not replace the organ but cover with a moistened dressing
    do not replace the organ but cover with occulsive material
    replace the organ but cover with occlusive material
    replace the organ but cover with a bulky dressing


  117. A patient in acute abdominal distress without vomiting should be transported
  118. Your answer:
    in the Trendelenburg position with legs straight
    face up with the knees bent
    in the recumbant position with one knee bent
    in the coma position


  119. When a joint is locked into position, the EMT-B should
  120. Your answer:
    skip splinting and transport immediately
    straighten it
    pull traction on the extremity
    splint it in the position found


  121. A splint properly applied to an extremity shold prevent all of the following EXCEPT
  122. Your answer:
    an open bone injury
    motion of bone fragments
    damage to muscles and blood vessels
    circulation to the extremity


  123. A fractured clavicle is best cared for with a
  124. Your answer:
    wrist sling
    bulky pressure dressing
    padded splint
    sling and swathe


  125. A fracture to the humerus shaft is best cared for by immobilizing with a(n)
  126. Your answer:
    sling and swathe
    rigid splint or sling and swathe
    wrist sling
    air-inflated splint


  127. A fracture to the proximal end of the humerus is best cared for by immobilizing with a(n)
  128. Your answer:
    air-inflated splint
    sling and swathe
    wrist sling and swathe
    padded board, sling and swathe


  129. The best way to immobilize a fractured elbow when the arm is found in the bent position and there is a distal pulse to
  130. Your answer:
    straighten the arm and apply an air-inflated splint
    keep the arm in its found position and apply a short padded board splint
    keep the arm in its found position and apply an air-inflated splint
    straighten the arm and apply a wire-ladder splint


  131. When splinting, if a severe deformity exists or distal circulation is conpromised, you should
  132. Your answer:
    align to anatomical position under gental traction
    immobilize in the position found
    push protruding bones back into place
    immediately move the patient to a stretcher


  133. The first step in immobilizing a fractured wrist with distal pulse is to
  134. Your answer:
    tape the wrist
    correct angulation of the wrist
    secure a padded board splint to the wrist
    place the broken hand in its position of function


  135. A patient with a fractured pelvis should be immobilized on an orthopedic stretcher or long spine board with
  136. Your answer:
    long padded boards secured down each side of the body
    straps securing the torso and pelvis
    legs bound together with wide cravats
    stabilizing sandbags place between the legs


  137. A fractured femur is best immobilized with a(n) ______ splint.
  138. Your answer:
    long padded
    air-inflated
    rigid vacuum
    traction


  139. Before immobilizing a fractured knee,
  140. Your answer:
    apply firm traction
    assess distal PMS function
    flex the leg at the knee
    straighten the angulation


  141. The best method for immobilizing a suspected ankle fracture is a(n) _______ splint.
  142. Your answer:
    pillow splint
    air-inflated
    traction
    padded board


  143. A sprain is an injury in which
  144. Your answer:
    cartilage is crushed
    muscles spasm
    tendons are torn
    ligaments are torn


  145. Which of the following is not true of open extremity injuries?
  146. Your answer:
    There is increased likelihood of infection
    The skin has been broken or torn
    Definitive care is provided in the prehospital setting
    Such injuries require surgery at the hopsital


  147. Muscle is attached to bone by
  148. Your answer:
    ligaments
    smooth muscles
    tendons
    cartilage


  149. A partial-thickness burn involves the
  150. Your answer:
    epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layers, and muscles
    epidermis
    epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous layers
    epidermis and dermis



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